|Reporting Organization:||Doctors of the World - Canada|
|Total Budget ($CAD):||$ Unspecified|
|Timeframe:||August 7, 2020 - May 7, 2021|
|Lebanon - $ 0 (100.00%)|
|Primary Health Care (28 %)|
|Infectious & Communicable Diseases (27 %)|
|Mental Health (27 %)|
|Health Systems, Training & Infrastructure (18 %)|
On August 4, 2020, a massive explosion caused by 2,750 tons of ammonium nitrate stored in the port struck Beirut, destroying large parts of the capital. Dozens of neighboring buildings collapsed or were badly damaged. Debris and broken glass were seen two miles (3.22 km) away, in an area home to more than 750,000 people. The damage was compounded by the destruction of essential supplies stored in the port area, including Lebanon’s national wheat silo, which was destroyed. The explosion also severely damaged the national central drug store of the Ministry of Public Health (MoPH).
The central drug warehouse of the national PHC network was severely damaged, as were 23 primary health care centers, 4 of which were completely destroyed. In several hospitals in the capital, intensive care units (ICUs) were already near full capacity before the explosion due to COVID-19 and were unable to accept new patients COVID-19.
Médecins du Monde (MdM)’s intervention aims to maintain and improve access to health for the population affected by the explosion in Beirut, in particular through improving access to health services affected by the explosion and by mitigating the impact of the explosion on affected communities.
The intervention maintained access to health services that had been strongly impacted by the explosion, including the level of response to the COVID-19 pandemic, and improving it through the provision medical equipment, the implementation of referral systems and the provision of awareness sessions for affected communities. The consequences of the explosion on the populations, in addition to the impacted access to healthcare, have caused a deterioration in the psychological and environmental conditions of the affected communities.
MdM aims to improve the psychosocial care of the population by making them aware of the services available and by strengthening the capacities of health personnel, in addition to analyzing the environmental impact and its effects on health through the dissemination of a specific study.
|Gender and age:||Adult women Adult men Children, girls Children, boys|
|Total Direct Population:||25,100|
|Total Indirect Population:||25,100|
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Outcome 1: Maintained access to health services to the population affected.
Output 1: Health services available (operational) to the population
– Provision of medical supplies and essential medication
– Monitoring of availability of medical supplies in PHC facilities and at central level
– Establishment of a referral system in Karantina to the existing operational health services
– Identification, orientation and/or support to persons with specific health problems (NCD).
Output 2: Actions to fight against COVID-19 are in place.
– Organization of COVID-19 awareness sessions through different modalities (group sessions, children sessions etc.)
– Disseminate COVID-19 awareness material among the population.
– Distribution of protective equipment (to staff and population)
Outcome 2: Access to Mental Health and Psychosocial Services is ensured (maintained).
Output 3: Psychosocial support services operational/available for the people affected by the crisis.
– Awareness sessions on MHPSS and available services
– Provision of MHPSS interventions (psychological first aid, helpline support, psychological individual consultation, psychoeducation, psychiatric referral, follow up, family intervention, group support, case management) through outreach activities and sit in place.
– Establishment of a referral system from the affected areas to the MHPSS structures
– Staff care sessions for front-liners in the response (health professionals, humanitarians, and volunteers)